Saturday, May 01, 2010

Nelson B. Gardner - Civil War Diary

Taken from the book:  Nelson B. Gardner - Civil War Diary - donated to the Lucas County Notes and Shakin' the Family Tree by James V. Heckman.  Appeared in their newsletter - Volume 11 Issue 1 - January-March 2006

This is a very interesting account of the Civil War.  It is such a treasure that he took the time to write in his diary and that his descendants kept his records and passed them on to us.  We will start out by telling a little bit about Nelson B. Gardner.

From the Past and Present of Lucas and Wayne Counties, Iowa published in 1913.
Nelson B. Gardner - Attorney at law, postoffice-Chariton.  Born March 19, 1827, in Knox County, Ohio, where he grew to manhood.  When nineteen years old, he went to Mt. Vernon, Ohio, engaged as a salesman in the house of Hugh Cooper and Co., and remained there until August, 1855.  He then came to Iowa, located at Chariton, and engaged in mercantile pursuits until the winter of 1858.  In 1859, he was elected clerk of the courts of Lucas County and served until 1862.  He then enlisted in company E 34th Iowa Infantry.  He was chosen captain of his company and served twenty-eight months, and was forced to resign on account of ill health.  On his return to this county he was again elected clerk of the courts and retained that office until January 1, 1876.  While acting as clerk of the courts he was engaged in reading law, and after leaving that office was admitted to the bar.  He was married at Mt. Vernon, Ohio, December 25, 1850, to Eliza J. Murphy.  They have five children, Ella M. (wife of B.R. VanDyke), Frank N., Minnie B., Dell and Fred.  Mr. Gardner is a member of the I.O.O.F. and of the Masonic Fraternity.  He was one of the eight persons who organized the Republican party of Lucas County in 1855.

Capt. N.B. Gardner - Obit Chariton Patriot July 1, 1909
This community was greatly saddened by the announcement of the death of Capt. N.B. Gardner, which occurred at the home of his daughter, Mrs. B.R. VanDyke, on Sunday afternoon, June 27, 1909, at three o'clock.  Last December he suffered a stroke of paralysis and since that time his health has declined.  He was able to be about until Wednesday of last week when he fell and was afterward confined to his bed until the death messenger came.  Largely attended funeral services, under the auspices of the Grand Army of the Republic, were held at the VanDyke home on Tuesday afternoon at 4:30 pm, conducted by Rev. Dr. A.H. Lathrop.  A male quartette, composed of Dr. Walter Anderson, Prof. W.E. Hayes, L.H. Busselle and Fred Larimer, sang several beautiful selections.  The floral tributes were profuse and beautiful, testifying to the high regard in which deceased was held.  At the conclusion of the services, the remains, wrapped in the stars and stripes, were lowered to their last resting place in the Chariton Cemetery.

Nelson B. Gardner and his wife Eliza, had seven children.  two daughters died in infancy and one son, Frank, died four years ago.  Those living are Mrs. Ella VanDyke and Mrs. Minnie Wiltsey, of this city, Dell and Fred Gardner of Chicago.

Mrs. Gardner died on October 1, 1890 and Mr. Gardner was again married on Nov. 1, 1895 to Mrs. Margaret Gloyd, of Monroe.  He then went to Monroe, where he resided until the death of his second wife in August, 1902.  One sister, Mrs. Lucy Jackson of Monroe, also survives Mr. Gardner.  Deceased had been an active member of the M.E. Church for several years.  He was also a prominent member of the G.A.R., the I.O.O.F., and the Masonic fraternity.  He was one of the eight persons who organized the Republican Party in Lucas County in 1855.  Everything that tended to promote the welfare of the community received his approval and co-operation.  His fidelity to duty and his promptness and loyalty in discharging every obligation that came to him won for him almost unlimited confidence and gained for him the respect of all with whom he came in contact.  He was a man possessing many noble qualities and all who knew him felt that in his death they have sustained a personal loss.  The grief stricken relatives will have the deepest sympathy of the community in their hour of sadness.
Civil War Diary of Nelson B. Gardner
The Civil War diary of Capt. Nelson B. Gardner was presented to LCGS by James V. Heckman of Columbus, Ohio in 1999.  Included with the diary is a portrait of Capt. Gardner and his military papers.
April 21, 1863 
5 pr. pants                  21 heavy socks
7 blouses                     6 drawers
5 shirts                         11 pr. shoes
20 socks                       15 canteens
3 knapsacks                 5 blankets
 I certify on honor that the above articles are for my own use and for my men. 
     N.B. Gardner, Capt. Commander
     Co. E., 34th Reg. Iowa
B.F. Dora                      $60.00 to his wife
W. Holloway                 $55.00 to Mrs. Henry for his mother
W.S. Boyce                   $60.00 to Mr. Boyce for his wife
Isaac Wood                  $20.00 to his father
G.C. Boyce                   $25.00 to John H. Boyce
----Carter                    $70.00 to his wife
T.D. Wirt(s)                 $55.00 to Mrs. Wirt(s)
W.G. Mumford            $20.00 to Jess Mumford
W. Hall                          $10.00 to Jackson Hall
John Johnston
     Freedom                , Lucas County, Iowa
     Mr. Johnston is the person who raised Robert Hoffner.  if Hoffner gets discharged, write to Mr. Johnston.
Letter Register
     These corrections must be put on pay rolls.
     H.D. Wagoner detained nurse in Small Pox hospital,
     St. Louis Missouri since April 6th, 1863.

     W.H. Graves deserted Feb. 6/63 and reported under proclamation
     of the President at Indianapolis, Ind., March 18th, 1863.

     Cyrus F. Boyd
     Palmyra, Warren County, Iowa
July 16th, 1863
     Ordered to cook 5 days rations and be ready to move at 12 noon.  Started at noon came out 8 mile to camp for the night in a grove on the Jackson Road.
Paid to June 30th, 1863
On leave of absence in Memphis, Tenn.       $258.50
                                                         Gov. tax                   4.76
      by Maj. McGrath
Expense at Memphis                                              $2.50 
Memphis to New Orleans                                    $14.70
Received         (Payment at New Orleans       $197.00
George W. Spence - Co. G. 7th Missouri Infantry
(this will be continued on June11th)

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